The reactants products and equation of glycolysis can be described in a short sentence. But to understand the net equation of the glycolysis, we must look at all the 10 steps of glycolysis.
Reactants Products and Equation Of Glycolysis Process in Each of 10 Steps:
1. Glucose + ATP ←→ Glucose 6-phosphate + ADP.
2. Glucose 6-phosphate ←→ Fructose 6-phosphate.
3. Fructose 6-phosphate + ATP → Fructose 1,6-bisphosphate + ADP.
4. Fructose 1,6-bisphosphate ←→ Dihydroxyacetone phosphate + Glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate.
5. Dihydroxyacetone phosphate ←→ Glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate.
6.Glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate + Pi + NAD ←→ 1,3-Bisphosphoglycerate + NADH + H.
7. 1,3-Bisphosphoglycerate + ADP ←→ 3-phosphoglycerate + 2 ATP.
8. 3-Phosphoglycerate ←→ 2-phosphoglycerate.
9. 2-Phosphoglycerate ←→ phosphoenolpyruvate + H2O.
10. Phosphoenolpyruvate + ADP → 2 pyruvate + 2 ATP.
*Orange color refers to the irreversible reactions.
Net Equation of Glycolysis Process:
So Net Equation of Glycolysis Process is
Glucose + 2NAD + 2ADP + 2Pi → 2 pyruvate + 2NADH + 2H + 2ATP + 2H2O.
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